Question: Which Of The Following Are Types Of Cardiovascular Disease?

What is the meaning of cardiovascular?

Cardiovascular is anything related to the heart and blood vessels..

Why is cardiovascular disease a health concern?

Over time, these risk factors cause changes in the heart and blood vessels that can lead to heart attacks, heart failure, and strokes. It is critical to address risk factors early in life to prevent these devastating events and other potential complications of chronic cardiovascular disease.

How many types of heart disease are there?

4 Types of Heart Disease — and How to Help Prevent Them.

What are the most common heart diseases?

Common heart conditionsCoronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease (CAD), the most common heart disease, occurs when LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, builds up plaque in your heart’s arteries. … Heart failure. … Arrhythmia. … Valvular heart disease. … Aortic aneurysms. … Heart infections. … Heart problems at birth. … Related conditions.More items…

What is the process of cardiovascular disease?

Coronary artery disease is caused by plaque buildup in the wall of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries). Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits. Plaque buildup causes the inside of the arteries to narrow over time. This process is called atherosclerosis.

How is cardiovascular disease diagnosed?

AdvertisementElectrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG records these electrical signals and can help your doctor detect irregularities in your heart’s rhythm and structure. … Holter monitoring. … Echocardiogram. … Stress test. … Cardiac catheterization. … Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan. … Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What is a serious heart condition?

Blockage in the coronary arteries is called coronary artery disease—a condition in which the heart muscles don’t get enough blood and oxygen. The most serious effect of coronary artery disease is sudden death without warning. This usually happens in individuals who have had heart attacks or other heart damage.

What are 4 types of heart diseases?

Types of heart disease include:Arrhythmia. An arrhythmia is a heart rhythm abnormality.Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.Cardiomyopathy. This condition causes the heart’s muscles to harden or grow weak.Congenital heart defects. … Coronary artery disease (CAD). … Heart infections.

Is sleeping a lot a sign of heart problems?

Fatigue, Lethargy, or Daytime Sleepiness While fatigue and lethargy can be symptoms of heart disease (particularly heart failure), these common and non-specific symptoms can also be due to disorders of virtually any other organ system in the body.

What does a heart blockage feel like?

A completely blocked coronary artery will cause a heart attack. The classic signs and symptoms of a heart attack include crushing pressure in your chest and pain in your shoulder or arm, sometimes with shortness of breath and sweating.

At what age does heart disease start?

Your risk for heart disease increases with age, especially with people of color and for those who are over 65. While the average age for a heart attack is 64.5 for men, and 70.3 for women, nearly 20 percent of those who die of heart disease are under the age of 65.

What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

What are the signs of an unhealthy heart?

10 SIGNS OF AN UNHEALTHY HEART YOU NEED TO KNOW. Heart problems are the leading cause of death in the United States. … Aching In The Shoulder and Chest. … Snoring and Sleeping Problems. … Difficulty With Sexual Function. … Irregular Heartbeat. … Sore Gums and Jaw, Mouth Problems. … Puffy Legs and Feet. … Shortness Of Breath and Fatigue.More items…

What are the main types of cardiovascular disease?

Types of CVDCoronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked or reduced. … Strokes and TIAs. A stroke is where the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, which can cause brain damage and possibly death. … Peripheral arterial disease. … Aortic disease.

What are cardiovascular drugs give example?

Commonly prescribed include:Acebutolol (Sectral)Atenolol (Tenormin)Betaxolol (Kerlone)Bisoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac)Bisoprolol (Zebeta)Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)Nadolol (Corgard)Propranolol (Inderal)More items…